Customs Modernization Initiatives

Luc De Wulf
José B Sokol
World Bank, 2004
ISBN 0821357522


Índice de la Obra

Secciones

  • Sumario

Foreword

Acknowledgments

About the Editors

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Overview

Bolivia. Morocco. Mozambique. Peru. Philippines. Turkey. Uganda. Ghana. References.

Bolivia

Trade Policy and Taxation. Customs Administration. Objectives and Scope of Customs Reform. Reform Team, Support, and Financing. Components of the Reform. Legislative and Regulatory Framework. Management Changes. Personnel and Pay Issues. Integrity and Anticorruption Policies. Training. Information and Communication Technology. Valuation Issues. Experience with Free Trade Zones. Achievements and Deficiencies of the Reform. Factors Contributing to the Reform's Success. Outcomes. Users' Reaction...

Ghana

The Singapore TradeNet. Background in Ghana. Rollout of the Vision. The Situation before Reform. The Efficiency of Customs Transactions. The Rollout of GCNet. GCNet's Operations. A Typical Import Transaction. Outcomes. Revenues Are Up. Clearance Times Are Down. Community Networks Are Being Initiated. Some Have Won and Some Have Lost. Lessons Learned and the Road Ahead. Appendix 3.A.: Import Procedures Before GCNet. References.

Morocco

Background to Customs Reform. Problems and Goals. Institutional Resources. Robust, Comprehensive, and Pragmatic Approach. Diagnosis and Strategy. Initial Observations. Resource Management. Dialogue with the Private Sector. Tariff Policy. Organization of Customs Services. The New Working Environment. Improving Procedures. BOX 4.1 Customs Clearance Sites Outside Customs Zones. BOX 4.2 Improvement of Risk Analysis. BOX 4.3 Personalized Management of Special Import Customs Procedures. Adapting In...

Mozambique

Background. Regional and Preferential Trading Arrangements. Economic Reform Program. Customs Reform Objectives and Innovative Approach. Funding. Key Institutional Reform Elements. External Support. Intertek Testing Services. Accompanying Trade and Fiscal Reform. Components of Reform. New Customs Code. Change Management. Staff, Pay, and Training. Integrity and Corruption Issues. Information and Communication Technology. Valuation. Physical Inspections. Trade Procedures to Safeguard Revenues an...

Peru

Background and Origin of the Customs Reform. Trade and Tariff Regime in 1990. Customs Administration in 1990. The 1990 Economic Crisis. Laying the Foundation for Reform. Fully Dedicated Reform Manager and Team. Support from the Highest Authority. External Support and Financing. Design, Planning, and Monitoring. Reform Objectives and Strategies. Reform Measures. Legislation. Organization and Management. Personnel Recruitment and Development. Information Technology and Customs Control and Clear...

Philippines

Background. Focus of the Study. Origins of Customs Reform and Modernization Program. The Blueprint for Customs Development. The Shape of Things to Come in the Bureau of Customs. Cargo Clearance. Tracing the Seeds of the Reform. Revenue Base. Revenue Leakages and Collection Inefficiencies. Preshipment Inspection Program. Public Ethics and Accountability Program. Harmonization of Customs Procedures and Adoption of International Best Practices. Sponsors of Reform and Modernization. The Private S...

Turkey

Background. Tariff Structure. Relations with the World Customs Organization and Other International Organizations. Membership in the World Trade Organization and Customs Valuation. Revenue Importance of Import Taxes. The Modernization Program. New Customs Code and Simplified Trade Procedures. Reorganization of the TCA. Improvement of Physical Infrastructure with Private Sector Support. Human Resource Management. Automation. Customs Controls, Selectivity, and Postrelease Inspection. Performanc...

Uganda

The Uganda Revenue Authority. Administration. Budget, Salary, and Staffing Issues. Customs Reform. Tariff Policy Changes and Revenue Performance. Legislation. Procedures and Clearance Times. Integrity and Corruption. Valuation Issues and Experience with Preshipment Inspection. Certificates of Origin. Personnel Issues and Training. Information Technology. Special Import Regimes. Goods in Transit. The Way Forward. Key Conclusions. References.

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