EIRP Proceedings

from January 2009
Last Number: January 2014

Danubius University of Galati
ISSN 2069 – 9344


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Nbr. 9, January 2014

Performance and Risks in the European Economy

Historical and Contemporary Aspects of the Market for the Cargo Traffic carried on the Romanian Ports

We hereby try to approach some aspects about the port traffic, analyzing this activity from the marketing point of view, on the one side, and looking at the ports as entities which represented real emblems, symbols of economic and social development, cities like Galati, Braila, Tulcea, being zones which were wholly identified with the port activity, on the other side. This analysis is necessary in the context of the favorable geographical placement of Romania, which benefits both of the Danub...

An Incursion in the Economic Theory of Location

This work has as aim an incursion in the area of the spatial economy, a new branch of the economy, from the point of view of the approach. This was insufficiently explored at international level, and so, less few studied in our country economical literature. This field is strongly linked to the spatial theory, which represents itself an important element in the economic theory, that is necessary to be researched and evaluated. The interest of the research theme is shaded by the interdisciplin...

Tax Evasion, an Integral Part of Corruption

State budget is considered to be the instrument of achieving social and economic objectives, with the ability to mediate its subsidies and tax incentives. Lack of funds, which are part of budget income, leads to incapacity of achieving the state duties, and this is the result of taxpayers avoiding to pay taxes. The need for delimitation between unlawful and lawful tax avoidance makes it useful to estimate the size of the phenomenon on its two forms of expression and raise awareness among poli...

World Economy and World Seaborne Trade in the 2005-2013 Period

In the period 1990-2013 the world economy has evolved increasing and decreasing with good and weak years, with mini crisis, and with a recent strong crisis, which apparently has not yet passed. World seaborne trade, inextricably linked to the global economy followed the upward and the downward trend of the global economy, but with much higher amplitudes. Comparative analysis of the evolution of the global economy and world seaborne trade during the period 2005-2013 shows a decrease in world s...

Economic Development of the Black Sea Riparian Countries during 2004-2012

The Black Sea is politically divided between the European Union, countries aspiring to join the EU and the Russian Federation. From an economic perspective, the area has a huge potential for development and is "claimed" by the same political actors. In 1992, BSEC (Black Sea Economic Cooperation) was formed and it includes, along with the six riparian countries, eight countries in order to meet their economic power in order to achieve regional development. In the period 2004-2012 the economy B...

Interdisciplinary Dimensions of Communication Science

Managerial Communication in the Context of Organizational Change

The hypothesis from which we start in initiating our approach is that according to which managerial communication is an important tool to change an organization's strategy. Our purpose is to argue in favor of the fact that this type of communication contributes significantly to adjusting the attitudes and changing behaviors of the organization members. In the context of change, managerial communication should be transformative, in order to ensure the adaptation of the organization to a new ex...

Developing a better interaction between citizens and the municipality - Study case

Understanding citizen online goals is critical because it gets at the heart of what the public institution web site should or could "do". The challenge is that for most agencies/institutions, there are likely to be multiple goals that represent the "reason why" citizen could come to the web site. Unfortunately many public institution feel that it should have an online presence only, so, many web sites are created to offer a little more than online reproductions of its services. The purpose of...

Social communication between Traditional and the New Mass-Media

The means of communication, from the most simple and natural ones - such as gestures and voice, to the most complex and developed ones - such as the new electronic media, have constantly brought changes to the society, their own transformation being due to the social environment that generated them. Nowadays, the new media - being in a rapid development unprecedented in the past - is giving new insights of communication and learning to the younger generations which, unlike those formed by eld...

From Accountability to Self-Regulation in Romanian Media

The present study is based on results dissemination for one of the four indicators (Background, Accountability, Solidarity and Efficiency) interpreted in the qualitative analysis of media self-regulatory system in Romania. The importance of this research topic for both practitioners and researchers in the field, lies in the fact that media self-regulation is a relatively new process, which has not yet reached the collective consciousness of Romanian society. This approach of the accountabilit...

E-Health Standards - Austria Case Study

Today information systems for digital documentation and communication are used by many actors within their area of activity. However, an integrated care requires a multi-agency standardized communication in which the individual patient plays the main part. As already made investments in ICT numerous health facilities, it is urgently necessary to make rapid appropriate requirements to ensure that longterm system interoperability is guaranteed. The e-Health strategy aims to support the accuracy...

Globalization and Cultural Diversity

Intercultural Communication

The concept of culture has become one of strategic importance for all disciplines studying human and social universe, being invested today with multiple explanatory connotations. Meanwhile, conjunction and theoretical approaches we witness interference, under the imperative of interdisciplinary vision lead us, often up to a damaging confusion between communication and culture. Distinction between symbolic and instrumental, of culture and civilization are necessary to not confuse the contents ...

Progress of Fulfilment of the Kyoto Objectives by the European Union

Climate change is one of the most important challenges that humanity faces in the 21st century, which is seriously considered by the European Union. In this context, the objective of this paper is to analyze the extent to which the EU has fulfilled its obligations in the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, and also to expose the obligations stipulated for the second period (2013-2020). The approach is to display in the first part of the work the fulfillment by the European Union of...

The Approach of the Muslim 'Other' in the Western Media

The images of the other can be found everywhere in the Western civilization and undoubtedly, they have become part of the discourse of colonization. It must be admitted that the encounters between the Western world and the Islam have produced a portrayal of the Islamic religion and Muslim culture mostly in negative, unfair and self-serving ways. Considering that the literature approaching these stereotypes is quite comprehensive, this paper analyses why the Western world has always shown nega...

Contemporary Globalization, the Transition from Border to Integration

In a new global economy, which is in a constant growth, more companies or nations are in a position to export their own business model, searching for new markets, more favorable production costs, or diffent strategies leading to performance. This paper does not clame an exhaustive analysis, the aim is to capture some aspects of the comtemporany realities, because most of the aspects of the globalization can be passed throgh a cultural register. As a reference model, we used Locke?s consensual...

Communication in Multinational Companies and the Role of Developing Countries

The developpement of world economy generated the apparition of big multinational companies that implement their activities at global level. This generates new working and communication methods and procedures designed to take advantage of the current context. Nevertheless few authors really analyzed the effects and evolutions producced by them. Our paper will therefore try to illustrate the new relations and concepts that appear within multinational companies by analyzing how the headquarter a...

European Integration and the Process of Globalization

The phenomenon of European integration may be analyzed in a theoretical interconditionality with the general phenomenon of globalization. Both aspects of the contemporary society are complex; therefore, they must be analyzed from several perspectives. Globalization, as a general phenomenon, concerns the entire human race and may be understood by several coordinates: economic, social, political, cultural, military, etc. The complexity of this phenomenon introduces certain contradictory aspects...

Constructivist Pedagogy and Alternative Teaching Methods for Intercultural Education

Our research proposes to underline the role of the constructivist pedagogy in the formative accomplishing of the intercultural education objectives, starting from the premise that the intuitive learning and the use of active-participative teaching-learning methods cover in a greater measure this discipline?s cognitive, affective and psychomotor dimensions. The research design is made up of: 2 homogenous lots of intentionality composed of 70 and 60 students. There were used quantitative and qu...

Globalization and its Impact on Contemporary Culture

For the last decades, the contemporary society is fussed, inter alia, by globalization. Globalization has inevitably a cultural dimension and a religious one. More than material indicators, the cultural factor can be considered a pivotal one to globalization. The main features of global culture are: lack of memory, universality, uniform technical basis, lack of historical background. There is nowadays a globalization of culture in the sense of complex connexity. Globalization is examined in r...

Succession of States in respect of Treaties

Although the issue of regulating the succession of states was forcefully expressed especially after the Second World War, in terms of emergence of new states after the decolonization process, this institution has not lost its actuality, not even in the early 21st century. The transformations, which occur within the international society and affecting the sovereignty, generate legal consequences, regarding the succession of the successor state to the treaties of the predecessor state. We have ...

Quality in Education

Strategic Management of Human Resources

In the context of Romania’s integration into European structures, the modernization process of educational system constitutes a natural necessity. This scientific approach has proposed a comprehensive approach of the issue of the Community programs efficiency on highly qualified human resources as part of Romania's accession to the European structures. I want to highlight that, in the content of this work, educational system integration into European structures is presented, analyzed and trea...

Education Regarding Ethics in the Accounting Profession - a Literature Review

The objective of this paper is to group authors from the specialty literature which approach education regarding ethics in the accounting profession in currents of thought, intrinsic and extrinsic in order to offer a view on current theories regarding ethics education in the accounting profession and the ways to improve it. In order to achieve this article’s objective we used conceptual content analysis through a positive approach. The research involved the analysis of recent and representati...

Cross-border Structures and Europeanism

Improving the National and European Policies through Impact Assessment' Implementation

Challenges for public policy became more numerous, complex and more interconnected, and modern states are forced to make important changes in the governance process and promotion of citizens’ welfare. Focusing on development of coherent public policies, the conventional approaches appear to be insufficient in clarifying and complete understanding of the many problems caused by the growing need for state intervention in all economic and social aspects and require renewal of research’ methods. ...

The European Citizen and Public Administration

European Citizenship between Past and Future

The European Union, an organization built on the ruins of the Second World War the desire to curb the war on the continent once and for all, was doomed from the beginning to end in one day political contours, so Europe is now united policy at the core of the future of Europe. This aspiration has become increasingly manifest in the adoption in 1992 of the Treaty of Maastricht, culminating today with the debate on the European Constitution. "Europe" today was forged from the beginning of the ru...

The search of a new logic of public administration reforms: the case of metropolitan areas in Italy

The aim of this paper is to formulate some recommendations for the currently undergoing reform of Italian metropolitan areas. This case is particularly relevant since it clearly represents how, even if expected by law, reforms might not happen on the implementation side. We draw the recommendations from some basic assumptions of the collaborative governance model. Recommendations deal with the development of a systemic, collaborative and leadership oriented view of reforms. Indeed, reforms sh...

The Reform in the Administrative System, Aspects of Progress or Form of Discrimination of the Public Officer?

The current social, economic and political status determined the issue of O.U.G 74/13 which regards some measures for improvement and re-organization of the activity of National Agency of Fiscal Administration, also for modification and completion of some legal acts and of H.G 520/2013 regarding organization and operation of National Agency of Fiscal Administration, legal acts which even if they are suppose to reform the administrative system, they reflect some problems regarding the legality...

The Youth of Today - The Generation of the Global Development

Insights into the Ukrainian Crisis

Political crises are increasingly frequent and devastating not only for the population of a state, but also for the international diplomacy. Such an example is the ongoing Ukrainian crisis. Starting from S. Fink‘s life cycle of a crisis and T.W. Coombs‘s crisis response strategies, I will analyse the evolution of the Ukrainian crisis and the crisis response strategies of three major international actors: Vladimir Putin, Barack Obama and Angela Merkel. The findings of my study will prove that ...

A New Risk Factor in the Evolution of Intelligence

The purpose of this article is to point out the way intelligence evolved in the last decades with the accent on the new threats or challenges it‘s faced with nowadays as well as to highlight it‘s importance in every matter concerning the states but also raising to the level of the entire international system through it‘s new ways of responding and operating in the informational era. Just as Michael Herman and Richard J. Aldrich pointed out in their works, it is well known that the future of i...

Security In The Extended Black Sea Region As A Means Of Further European Integration

The objective of this paper is to highlight the importance of the security aspect in today‘s international relations scene, through the eyes of the European Union and put emphasis on the micro-level of security in order to achieve a higher level of security, at a macro-level. This paper relates to other work in this field by the fact that it raises up serious questions about european integration through the security aspect. The approach used in this paper was mainly a observational one, tryin...

How Do Leaders Shape the World - Intelligence Role

Living in the Era of constant change and anticipated movements seems to remain the struggling of working out the perfect global strategy, based on both well-developed cooperation skills and most of all, the supreme power conquer. The change from one domain to the other, one alliance to another, every single country comes as no surprise when the big reveal is made - whether going for an increased level of massdestruction weapons or just a simple deception that is due to put down an entire civi...

Puppets and Puppeteers

Manipulation. A word with such a special echo that exceeds the boundaries of semantics, creating rumor and scenarios which are more or less whimsical, with a pregnant whiff of conspiration. Passing through the scientific-psychological essential aspects, we reach the coup de grace: from the manipulation of the masses, through the culture of mediocrity, to the much debated manipulation through the use of mass media. We do not strictly treat the psychology of large groups, neglecting the individ...


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