Court Of Appeal Summaries (February 10 – February 14, 2020)

Good afternoon,

Following are this week's summaries of the civil decisions of the Court of Appeal for Ontario.

Ingarra v. 3010999 Ontario Limited (Previn Court Homes) is a reminder to residential real estate lawyers that their clients purchasing new homes have added rights under the Tarion legislation regarding extensions of the closing date. Real estate solicitors should therefore be familiar with those provisions or risk waiving those rights when agreeing to new closing dates.

In Zhao v. Li, the Court of Appeal distinguished between singular and ongoing acts of oppression, and reminded us that a limitation period in respect of a claim for an act of oppression is not extended because a subsequent independent act of oppression takes place.

Other topics included a large fraud against a foreign pension fund, contractual interpretation in the insurance (fire loss) and mortgage contexts, commercial leases, extension of time to appeal in an Anti-SLAPP case, breach of contract in a real estate commission context, adverse possession, vexatious litigants and Crown wardship.

Please join me and Lea Nebel at our "Top Appeals of 2019" CLE dinner program to take place at the OBA on Thursday, February 27, 2020. Three decisions will be featured. The first is Darmar Farms v Sygenta, which deals with the potential new tort of "premature commercialization" and pure economic loss in product liability context. Our panelists for that decision are Mike Peerless, who represents the plaintiff, and the President of the Advocates' Society, Scott Maidment, who has a depth of experience litigating product liability cases. The second is The Guarantee Company of North America v Royal Bank of Canada regarding the priority of construction trust claims in bankruptcy. Counsel who acted on that case, Miranda Spence and Scott Rollwagen, will be joining us. The third decision is Wright v Urbanek, which deals with the scope of the doctrines of abuse of process and collateral attack. John O'Sullivan, who acts for the appellant in seeking leave to the Supreme Court, will be speaking about this decision.

I hope everyone is enjoying the Family Day Long Weekend.

John Polyzogopoulos Blaney McMurtry LLP 416.593.2953 Email


Civil Decisions

Ingarra v. 301099 Ontario Limited (Previn Court Homes), 2020 ONCA 97

Keywords: Contracts, Interpretation, Real Property, Agreements of Purchase and Sale of Land, Tarion Addendum, Completion Date, Extensions, Ontario New Home Warranties Plan Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. O. 31, Sirisena v. Oakdale Village Homes Inc., 2010 ONSC 2996, aff'd ONSC 1051, Domicile Developments Inc. v. MacTavish (1999), 45 O.R. (3d) 302 (C.A.), King v. Urban & Country Transport Ltd. (1973), 1 O.R. (2d) 449 (C.A.)

P.Y. v. Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto, 2020 ONCA 98

Keywords: Family Law, Child Protection, Crown Wardship, Civil Procedure, Vexatious Litigants, Abuse of Process, Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 2.1.01

Champion Products Corp. v. Intact Insurance Company, 2020 ONCA 111

Keywords: Contracts, Insurance, Interpretation, Saskatchewan River Bungalows Ltd. v. Maritime Life Assurance Co., [1942] 2 S.C.R. 490, Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43

Codina v. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2020 ONCA 116

Keywords: Torts, Defamation, Anti-SLAPP, Civil Procedure, Appeals, Extension of Time, Issasi v. Rosenzweig, 2011 ONCA 112, Nguyen v. Economical Mutual Insurance Company, 2015 ONCA 828, Enbridge Gas Distribution Inc. v. Froese, 2013 ONCA 131

Hurst Real Estate Services Inc. v. Great Lands Corporation, 2020 ONCA 109

Keywords: Contracts, Real Property, Commission Agreements, Breach, Real Estate and Business Brokers Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 30, Sch. C., s. 9, 36(3), O. Reg. 567/05, s. 23(1)(a)

Vivekanandan v. Terzian, 2020 ONCA 110

Keywords: Real Property, Adverse Possession, Prescriptive Easements, Land Titles Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.5, s. 51(1), Depew v. Wilkes (2002), 60 O.R. (3d) 499 (C.A.), Barbour v. Bailey, 2016 ONCA 98, Henderson v. Volk (1982), 35 O.R. (2d) 379 (C.A.), Kaminskas v. Storm, 2009 ONCA 318, English v. Perras, 2018 ONCA 649, Caldwell v. Elia, [2000] O.J. No. 661, Hodkin v. Bigley, 20 R.P.R. (3d) 9 (C.A.), 1043 Bloor Inc. v. 1714104 Ontario Inc., 2013 ONCA 91, H.L. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2005 SCC 25

Stoney Creek Centre Inc. v. 2459437 Ontario Inc., 2020 ONCA 119

Keywords: Contracts, Interpretation, Real Property, Mortgages, Sattva Capital Corp. v Creston Moly Corp, 2014 SCC 53]

Sutherland v Toronto (City), 2020 ONCA 122

Keywords: Civil Procedure, No Reasonable Cause of Action, Summary Judgment, Limitation Periods, Reasonable Apprehension of Bias

Vigin G.F.R. Holdings Ltd. v. Kinder Care Children's Centre, 2020 ONCA 120

Keywords: Contracts, Real Property, Commercial Leases, Fresh Evidence, Palmer v. The Queen, [1980] 1 S.C.R. 759

Zhao v. Li, 2020 ONCA 121

Keywords: Corporations, Oppression, Civil Procedure, Limitation Periods, Summary Judgment, Limitations Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 24, Sched. B, s. 4, Business Corporations Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16, s. 248, Maurice v. Alles, 2016 ONCA 287, Hryniak v. Maudlin, 2014 SCC 7, Kassburg v. Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, 2014 ONCA 922

Caja Paraguaya de Jubilaciones y Pensiones del Personal de Itaipu Binacional v. Garcia, 2020 ONCA 124

Keywords: Torts, Fraud, Fraudulent Misrepresentation, Breach of Fiduciary Duty, Conspiracy, Defences, Ex Turpi Causa, Corporate Identification Doctrine, Civil Procedure, Limitation Periods, Reasonable Apprehension of Bias, Deloitte & Touche v. Livent Inc. (Receiver of), 2017 SCC 63

Short Civil Decisions

Ochnik v. Ontario Securities Commission (Appeal Book Endorsement), 2020 ONCA 97

Keywords: Civil Procedure, Amending Pleadings

Marley v. Salga, 2020 ONCA 104

Keywords: Real Property, Joint Tenancies, Severance, Evidence, Admissibility

Ustymenko v. Sadochok Centre Inc. (Sadochok Preschool Centre), 2020 ONCA 123

Keywords: Corporations, Civil Procedure, Derivative Actions

Gagnon (Re) (Appeal Book Endorsement), 2020 ONCA 126

Keywords: Bankruptcy and Insolvency

Criminal Decisions

R. v. A, 2020 ONCA 101

Keywords: Criminal Law, Arrest, Reasonable and Probable Grounds

R. v. T, 2020 ONCA 100

Keywords: Criminal Law, Procedural Fairness, Reasonable Apprehension of Bias, Juries, Jury Instructions, Evidence, Identity, Sentencing

R. v. Z, 2020 ONCA 99

Keywords: Criminal Law, Evidence, Credibility

R. v. L, 2020 ONCA 102

Keywords: Criminal Law, Defences, Necessity, Sentencing, R. v. Wobbes, 2008 ONCA 567, R. v. Latimer, 2001 SCC 1, R. v. Cinous, 2002 SCC 29, R. v. Singh, 2019 ONCA 872

R. v. M, 2020 ONCA 107

Keywords: Criminal Law, Defences, Necessity, Sentencing

R. v. P, 2020 ONCA 108

Keywords: Criminal Law, Expert Evidence, Admissibility, Jury Instructions

R. c. A, 2020 ONCA 112

Keywords: Criminal Law, Appeals, Inadequate Representation

R. v. A, 2020 ONCA 106

Keywords: Criminal Law, Second-Degree Murder, Mens Rea, Severance, Evidence, Admissibility, Hearsay, Credibility, Prior Inconsistent Statements, Jury Instructions, Criminal Code, ss 21, 229, 235(1), 724(2)(a), 724(2)(b), 745(c), 745.1, 745.2, and 745.4, R. v. Spackman, 2012 ONCA 905, R. v. Pickton, 2010 SCC 32, R. v. Cooper, [1993] 1 S.C.R. 146, R. v. Williams, 2019 ONCA 846, R. v. Martineau, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 633, R. v. Kennedy, 2016 ONCA 879, R. v. Seaboyer, [1991] 2 S.C.R. 577, R. v. Crawford, [1995] 1 S.C.R. 858, R. v. Grant, 2015 SCC 9, R. v. Rojas, 2008 SCC 56, R. v. Oliver (2005), 194 C.C.C. (3d) 92 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused, [2005] S.C.C.A. No. 458, R. v. Deol, 2017 ONCA 221, W.(D.) instruction, R. v. B. (K.G.), [1993] 1 S.C.R. 740, R. v. Suzack (2000), 141 C.C.C. (3d) 449 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused, [2000] S.C.C.A. No. 583, Mistrial, R. v. Khan, 2001 SCC 86, R. v. A.G., 2015 ONCA 159, R. v. Kendall (1987), 35 C.C.C. (3d) 105 (Ont. C.A.), R. v. Toten (1993), 14 O.R. (3d) 225 (C.A.), R. v. McCarroll, 2008 ONCA 715, R. v. Alvarez-Maggiani, 2018 ONSC 4834, Watt's Manual of Criminal Evidence (Toronto: Carswell, 2019), at p. 250, § 19.07, R. v. Atikian (1990), 1 O.R. (3d) 263 (C.A.), R. v. G.H., 2020 ONCA 1, R. v. Bevan, [1993] 2 S.C.R. 599, Sentencing, R. v. Shropshire, [1995] 4 S.C.R. 227, R. v. Salah, 2015 ONCA 23, R. v. Stiers, 2010 ONCA 656, leave to appeal refused, [2011] S.C.C.A. No. 150

R. v. AE, 2020 ONCA 117

Keywords: Criminal Law, Sentencing, R. v. Kienapple, [1975] 1 S.C.R. 729, R. v. Hayward (1993), 88 C.C.C. (3d) 193 (Ont. C.A.)

R. c. A, 2020 ONCA 118

Keywords: Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Self-Represented Litigant, Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, ss. 8 and 19, Criminal Code, s. 579(1), Borowski v. Canada (Attorney General), [1989] 1 S.C.R. 342, Ontario (Provincial Police) c. Mosher, 2015 ONCA 722, Fresh Evidence, R. v. W. (W.) (1995), 100 C.C.C. (3rd) 225 (C.A. Ont.), R. v. Joanisse (1995), 102 C.C.C. (3rd) 35 (C.A. Ont.), leave to appeal denied, [1996] S.C.C.A. No. 347

R. v. F, 2020 ONCA 115

Keywords: Criminal Law, Sentencing, R. v. Anthony-Cook, 2016 SCC 43, R. v. Nixon, 2011 SCC 34, Report of the Attorney General's Advisory Committee on Charge Screening, Disclosure and Resolution Discussions, the Hon. G. Arthur Martin, Chair (Toronto: Queen's Printer for Ontario, 1993), R. v. Chuvalo (1987), 24 O.A.C. 71 (C.A.)

R. v. G, 2020 ONCA 127

Keywords: Criminal Law, Jury Instructions, Vetrovec Instruction, Sentencing, R. v. Vetrovec, [1982] 1 S.C.R. 811, R. v. Murray, 2017 ONCA 393, R. v. W.(D.), [1991] 1 S.C.R. 742

R. v. J.T., 2020 ONCA 125 (Publication Ban)

Keywords: Criminal Law, Youth Criminal Justice Act, S.C. 2002, c. 1, Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, s. 11(b), R. v. Jordan, 2016 SCC 27, R. v. K.J.M., 2019 SCC 55

Ontario Review Board Decisions

J (Re), 2020 ONCA 113

Keywords: Ontario Review Board, Appeals, Mootness

M (Re), 2020 ONCA 105

Keywords: Ontario Review Board, Not Criminally Responsible, Aggravated Assault, Assault with a Weapon, Kidnapping, Uttering Death Threats, Criminal Harassment, Breach of...

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT