Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 27 ' May 1)

Published date12 May 2020
AuthorMr John Polyzogopoulos
Subject MatterLitigation, Mediation & Arbitration, Real Estate and Construction, Criminal Law, Insolvency/Bankruptcy/Re-structuring, Insolvency/Bankruptcy, Arbitration & Dispute Resolution, Court Procedure, Trials & Appeals & Compensation, Landlord & Tenant - Leases, Crime, Civil Law
Law FirmBlaney McMurtry LLP

Please find our summaries of last week's civil decision of the Court of Appeal for Ontario.

In Curriculum Services Canada/Services Des Programmes D'Études Canada (Re), the Court confirmed that once a trustee in bankruptcy disclaims a lease, the landlord is limited to its preferred claim for three months' accelerated rent, as per the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act. The landlord was permitted to claim the unpaid balance of its preferred claim as an unsecured creditor, but was not entitled to assert a claim for unpaid tenant inducements that became payable under the lease only upon termination of the lease.
Other cases covered last week included the interpretation of releases, the test for rectification and a pleadings motion in respect of breach of contract and other claims relating to the construction of the athlete's village for the 2015 PanAm Games in Toronto..
Wishing you all a pleasant week ahead.

Table of Contents

Civil Decisions

Narwal International Limited v. O.M.V. Investments Limited, 2020 ONCA 268

Keywords: Torts, Conspiracy, Fraudulent Misrepresentation, Contracts, Real Property, Commercial Leases, Civil Procedure, Summary Judgment, Striking Pleadings, Abuse of Process, Costs

Wardlaw v. Wardlaw, 2020 ONCA 286

Keywords: Family Law, Civil Procedure, Appeals, Extension of Time, Enbridge Gas Distribution Inc. v. Froese, 2013 ONCA 131

2484234 Ontario Inc v Hanley Park Developments Inc., 2020 ONCA 273

Keywords: Contracts, Interpretation, Real Property, Agreements of Purchase and Sale of Land, Equitable Remedies, Rectification, Canada (Attorney General) v Fairmont Hotels Inc., 2016 SCC 56, Sattva Capital Corp v Creston Moly Corp, 2014 SCC 53, Dynamic Transport Ltd v O.K. Detailing Ltd, [1978] 2 SCR 1072

Lum v College of Physiotherapists of Ontario, 2020 ONCA 271

Keywords: Civil Procedure, Appeals

The Catalyst Capital Group Inc. v. Dundee Kilmer Developments Limited Partnership, 2020 ONCA 272

Keywords: Contracts, Interpretation, Unjust Enrichment, Quantum Meruit, Real Property, Construction, Tendering, Crown Liability, Torts, Misrepresentations, Breach of Fiduciary Duty, Civil Procedure, Striking Pleadings, No Reasonable Cause of Action, Limitation Periods, Proceedings Against the Crown Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.27, s. 2(2)(b), Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 21.01(1)(b), Ceballos v. DCL International Inc., 2018 ONCA 49, Brozmanova v. Tarshis, 2018 ONCA 523, Creston Moly Corp. v. Sattva Capital Corp., 2014 SCC 53, Dumbrell v. The Regional Group of Companies Inc., 2007 ONCA 59, Elder Advocates of Alberta Society v. Alberta, 2011 SCC 24, Klassen v. Beausoleil, 2019 ONCA 407, Paradis Honey Ltd. v. Canada (Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food), 2015 FCA 89, Design Services Ltd. v. R., 2008 SCC 22, Martel Building Ltd. v. R., 2000 SCC 60

Curriculum Services Canada/Services Des Programmes D'Études Canada (Re), 2020 ONCA 267

Keywords: Bankruptcy and Insolvency, Real Property, Commercial Tenancies, Commercial Leases, Disclaiming of Lease by Trustee in Bankruptcy, Claims Provable in Bankruptcy, Priority, Preferred Claims, Landlords, Three Months' Accelerated Rent, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. B-3, Bankruptcy Act, R.S.C. 1952, c. 14, Commercial Tenancies Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.7, Companies' Creditors Arrangements Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-36, Landlord and Tenant Act, R.S.O. 1927, c. 190, Winding-Up Act, R.S.C. 1927, c. 213, Re Mussens Ltd., [1933] O.W.N. 459 (H.C.), Highway Properties Ltd. v. Kelly, Douglas & Co. Ltd., [1971] S.C.R. 562, Crystalline Investments Ltd. v. Domgroup Ltd., 2004 SCC 3, [2004] 1 S.C.R. 60, Re Gingras Automobile Ltée., [1962] S.C.R. 676, Re Linens 'N Things Canada Corp. (2009), 53 C.B.R. (5th) 232 (Ont. S.C.), Cummer-Yonge Investments Ltd. v. Fagot et al. (1965), 50 D.L.R. (2d) 25 (Ont. H.C.), Hill v. East & West India Dock Co. (1884), 9 App. Cas. 448 (H.L.), Re Salok Hotel Co. Ltd. (1967), 66 D.L.R. (2d) 5 (Man. Q.B.), aff'd on other grounds (1967), 66 D.L.R. (2d) 5 (Man. C.A.), Titan Warehouse Club Inc. (Trustee of) v. Glenview Corp. (1988), 67 C.B.R. (N.S.) 204 (Ont. H.C.), aff'd 75 C.B.R. (N.S.) 206 (Ont. C.A.), Peat Marwick Thorne Inc. v. Natco Trading Corporation (1995), 22 O.R. (3d) 727 (Gen. Div.), 885676 Ontario Ltd. (Trustee of) v. Frasmet Holdings Ltd. (1993), 99 D.L.R. (4th) 1 (Ont. Gen. Div.), Andy & Phil Investments Ltd. v. Craig (1991), 5 O.R. (3d) 656 (Gen. Div.), Sifton Properties Limited v. Dodson (1994), 28 C.B.R. (3d) 151 (Ont. Gen. Div.), Transco Mills Ltd. v. Percan Enterprises Ltd. (1993), 100 D.L.R. (4th) 359 (B.C.C.A.), Re Vrablik (1993), 17 C.B.R. (3d) 152 (Ont. Gen. Div.), Re TNG Acquisition Inc., 2011 ONCA 535, Century Services Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2010 SCC 60

IAP Claimant H-15019 v. Wallbridge, 2020 ONCA 270

Keywords: Contracts, Interpretation, Settlements, Releases, Torts, Solicitors' Negligence, Civil Procedure, Striking Pleadings, Frivolous and Vexatious, Abuse of Process, Indian Residential Schools Settlement, Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 21.01(3)(d), Fontaine v. Canada (Attorney General), 2017 ONSC 2487, Biancaniello v. DMCT LLP, 2017 ONCA 386, Van Patter v. Tillsonburg District Memorial Hospital (1999), 45 O.R. (3d) 223 (C.A.); Owen v. Zosky, [2000] O.J. 4838 (C.A.); Fraser River Pile & Dredge Ltd. v. Can-Dive Services Ltd., [1999] 3 S.C.R. 108

Criminal Decisions

R. v. W., 2020 ONCA 269

Keywords: Criminal Law, Drug Trafficking, Evidence, Unreasonable Search and Seizure, Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, ss. 8 & 24(2), R. v. Lising, 2005 SCC 66, R. v. Grant, [1993] 3 S.C.R. 223, R. v. Waterfield [1963] 3 All E.R. 659, R. v. Chehil, 2013 SCC 49, R. v. MacKenzie, 2013 SCC 50, R. v. Wong, 2017 BCSC 306, R. v. A.M., 2008 SCC 19, R. v. Tessling, 2004 SCC 67, R. v. Le, 2019 SCC 34, R. v. Patrick, 2009 SCC 17, R. v. Plant, [1993] 3 S.C.R. 281, R. v. Collins, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 265, R. v. Grant, 2009 SCC 32, R. v. Flintroy, 2019 BCSC 213

R. v. G., 2020 ONCA 274

Keywords: Criminal Law, Murder, Evidence, Admissibility, Expert Evidence, Jury Instructions, Reasonable Apprehension of Bias, Sentencing, R. v. Gager, 2012 ONSC 388, R. v. Abbey, 2009 ONCA 624, R. v. Mohan, [1994] 2 S.C.R. 9, Imeson v. Maryvale (Maryvale Adolescent and Family Services), 2018 ONCA 888, R. v. Mills, 2019 ONCA 940, R. v. L.K., 2011 ONSC 2562, White Burgess Langille Inman v. Abbott and Haliburton Co., 2015 SCC 23, R. v. Calnen, 2019 SCC 6, R. v. Jacquard, [1997] 1 S.C.R. 314, R. v. Lavallee, [1990] 1 S.C.R. 852, R. v. S.A.B., 2003 SCC 60, R. v. White, [1998] 2 S.C.R. 72, R. v. Arcangioli, [1994] 1 S.C.R. 129, R. v. Gager, 2012 ONSC 2712, R. v. Chiasson, 2009 ONCA 789, R. v. Jeanvenne, 2010 ONCA 706, R. v. Dixon, [1998] 1 S.C.R. 244, R. v. McNeil, 2009 SCC 3, R. v. Jackson, 2015 ONCA 832, R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, R. v. Shafia, 2016 ONCA 812, Yukon Francophone School Board, Education Area #23 v. Yukon (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 25, Committee for Justice and Liberty et al. v. National Energy Board et al., [1978] 1 S.C.R. 369, Groia v. Law Society of Upper Canada, 2018 SCC 27, R. v. Shropshire, [1995] 4 S.C.R. 227

R. v. J., 2020 ONCA 280

Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual Assault, Bail, COVID-19, Criminal Code, s. 679(3)(c), R. v. Oland, 2017 SCC 17, R. v. Morales, [1992] 3 S.C.R. 711, R. v. Fleming, [2015] O.J. No. 4380 (S.C.J.), R. v. Sotomayor, 2014 ONSC 500, R. v. Omitiran, 2020 ONCA 261, R. v. Kazman, 2020 ONCA 251

R. v. S., 2020 ONCA 285

Keywords: Criminal Law, Attempted Murder, Discharging a Firearm, Bail, COVID-19, Criminal Code, ss. 239(1)(a), 244(2)(a), 515(10)(b), 679(3), 684(1), R. v. Daniel Stojanovski and Darko Stojanovski, 2018 ONSC 4243, R. v. Oland, 2017 SCC 17, R. v. Morales, [1992] 3 S.C.R. 711, R. v. Jesso, 2020 ONCA 280, R. v. Saleh, 2019 ONCA 819, R. v. Araya, 2015 SCC 11, R. v. Omitiran, 2020 ONCA 261, R. v. Kazman, 2020 ONCA 251, R. v. Paramsothy, 2020 ONSC 2314

R. v. V., 2020 ONCA 275

Keywords: Criminal Law, First Degree Murder, Fresh Evidence, Youth Criminal Justice Act, S.C. 2002, c. 1, Palmer v. The Queen, [1981] S.C.R. 759, Truscott (Re), 2007 ONCA 575, R. v. F. (W.J.), [1999] 3 S.C.R. 569, R. v. Bradshaw, 2017 SCC 35, R. v. Khelawon, 2006 SCC 57, R. v. Blackman, 2008 SCC 37

R. v. D., 2020 ONCA 278

Keywords: Aggravated Assault, Sentencing

R. v. S., 2020 ONCA 276

Keywords: Breach of Probation, Sentencing, Jump Principle, Assault, Assault with a Weapon, Uttering Threats

Ontario Review Board Decisions

Anderson (Re), 2020 ONCA 277

Keywords: Detention Order, Cannabis, Least Restrictive Conditions, Re Sheikh, 2019, ONCA 2019


Narwal International Limited v. O.M.V. Investments Limited, 2020 ONCA 268

[Gillese, Brown and Huscroft JJ.A.]


M. Chapurny, for the appellant

A. Casalinuovo and V. Yee, for the respondents O.M.V. Investments Limited, AE and VE

A. Flesias, for the respondents AutoTrax Tire & Lube Inc., F.C. and LP

Keywords: Torts, Conspiracy, Fraudulent Misrepresentation, Contracts, Real Property, Commercial Leases, Civil Procedure, Summary Judgment, Striking Pleadings, Abuse of Process, Costs


The appellant, a commercial tenant in a property once owned by the respondent O.M.V., commenced an action against O.M.V. and its principals, and another tenant in the property, the respondent Autotrax and its principals. The action involved claims for breach of contract and various torts in connection with its business.
The respondent O.M.V. and its principals brought a motion for summary judgment and, in the alternative, a motion to strike the action for being an abuse of process. The motion judge found that the issues in the claim were substantially the same as in two small claims actions the appellant had commenced against the respondents, and concluded that issuance of this third action was an abuse of process. He dismissed the action against the respondents. In addition, the motion judge found that the appellant's claims of conspiracy and fraudulent misrepresentation were "wholly unsubstantiated". He ordered the...

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