Welcome Changes To The Key Employee Engagement Programme

Published date10 March 2023
Subject MatterFinance and Banking, Corporate/Commercial Law, Tax, Financial Services, Corporate and Company Law, Income Tax, Capital Gains Tax
Law FirmMaples Group
AuthorMr Colm Rafferty, Morgan Pierse, Jordan O'Brien, William Darmody, Lynn Cramer and William Fogarty

The Key Employee Engagement Programme ("KEEP") was amended in the most recent Irish Finance Act, which came into operation from 1 January 2023 ("Finance Act 2022"). These welcome changes should see an increase in its uptake which, until this point, has been relatively low as the rules underpinning KEEP were complex and did not always align with the commercial reality of how small and medium-sized enterprises ("SMEs") operate.

KEEP and its Advantages

KEEP is a tax efficient share option scheme for SMEs and start-up businesses which is designed to support and incentivise SMEs in their efforts to attract and retain key employees. SMEs can be at a disadvantage when hiring skilled workers as they have to compete with salaries and benefits offered by larger companies and KEEP is a welcome addition to the SME toolbox.

In general, where an employee or director exercises a share option, they are subject to income tax on the difference between the market value of the shares acquired and any price paid for those shares. Employees and directors can face difficulties in funding the tax liability where they do not immediately dispose of the shares received on exercise of the option.

Under the KEEP scheme, no tax charge arises when the KEEP compliant share options are exercised by an employee. A capital gains tax ("CGT") liability will arise when the employee actually disposes of the shares. This provides the employee with an advantage in that it taxes all value in the option at CGT rather than at income tax rates and defers taxation until the point of share sale at which point they can fund their tax liability using the proceeds of sale.

General KEEP Terms

KEEP is available for qualifying share options granted between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2025. Generally, the options cannot be exercised within 12 months of the date of grant of the option, and they must be exercised within 10 years.

The value of shares over which KEEP share options can be granted to any one employee or director is limited to:

  • '100,000 in any year of assessment;
  • '300,000 in all years of assessment; or
  • 100% of the annual emoluments of the individual in the year in which the qualifying option is granted.

Qualifying companies include companies which have been...

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