Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 24, 2023 ' April 28, 2023)

Published date12 May 2023
Subject MatterFinance and Banking, Litigation, Mediation & Arbitration, Family and Matrimonial, Charges, Mortgages, Indemnities, Family Law, Trials & Appeals & Compensation, Civil Law
Law FirmBlaney McMurtry LLP
AuthorMr John Polyzogopoulos

Good afternoon.

Following are our summaries of the civil decisions of the Ontario Court of Appeal for the week of April 24, 2023.

The decisions this week were all procedural in nature. Topics covered this week included an appeal from a refusal to grant a garnishment order where there was no appeal from a related plan of arrangement, extension of time to appeal in a receivership matter, leave to appeal a decision pursuant to theCompanies Creditors' Arrangement Act, a motion to review the partial lifting of a stay pending appeal that provided for a partial payment by husband to wife for shares, a review of a refusal to grant a stay pending appeal in a guardianship matter, stay pending an appeal from a dismissal of a request for intervenor status by patients whose medical records would be reviewed by the College in a doctor's disciplinary matter, summary judgment dismissing a mortgage enforcement action on the basis that the ten-year limitation period had expired, a priority dispute between the husband's judgment creditor and the wife over her half of the proceeds of sale of a jointly owned matrimonial home (the wife won), and security for costs in a family case.

Wishing everyone an enjoyable weekend.

John Polyzogopoulos
Blaney McMurtry LLP

Ines Ferreira
Blaney McMurtry LLP

Table of Contents

Civil Decisions

U.S. Steel Canada Inc. (Re), 2023 ONCA 277

Keywords:Bankruptcy and Insolvency, Civil Procedure, Leave to Appeal,Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act, R.S.C. 1985, s. 11, c. C-36,Planning Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.13,Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43, s. 6(1)(b),Nortel Networks Corporation (Re), 2016 ONCA 332,Urbancorp Toronto Management Inc. (Re), 2022 ONCA 181,Lucas v. 1858793 Ontario Inc. (Howard Park), 2021 ONCA 52

Comfort Capital Inc. v. Yeretsian, 2023 ONCA 282

Keywords:Bankruptcy and Insolvency, Receiverships, Claims Process, Civil Procedure, Approval Orders, Appeals, Extension of Time,Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, R.S.C., 1985 c. B-3,Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43,Construction Lien Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.30,Land Titles Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L.5,Rules of Civil Procedure, r. 3.02(1),Bankruptcy and Insolvency General Rules, C.R.C., c.368,2363523 Ontario Inc. v. Nowack, 2018 ONCA 286,Denomme v. McArthur, 2013ONCA 694; 36 R.F.L. (7th) 273,Oliveira v. Oliveira, 2022 ONCA 218,Correct Building Corporation v. Lehman, 2022 ONCA 723,Duca Community Credit Union Ltd. v. Giovannoli(2001), 142 O.A.C. 146 (C.A.),40 Park Lane Circle v. Aiello, 2019ONCA 451,2403177 Ontario Inc. v. Bending Lake Iron Group Ltd., 2016 ONCA 225,Hillmount Capital Inc. v. Pizale, 2021 ONCA 364,MNP Ltd. v. Wilkes, 2020 SKCA 66, 449 D.L.R. (4th) 439,Ontario Wealth Management Corp. v. Sica Masonry and General Contracting Ltd., 2014 ONCA 500,Comfort Capital Inc. v. Yeretsian, 2019 ONCA 1017

College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario v. Kilian, 2023 ONCA 281

Keywords:Administrative Law, Judicial Review, Regulated Health Professions, Professional Discipline, Doctors, Constitutional Law,CharterRights, Unreasonable Search and Seizure, Civil Procedure, Intervenors,CanadianCharter of Rights and Freedoms, s.8,Health Professions Procedural Code, 1991, S.O. 1991, c. 18, s. 87 and s. 36,RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311,Haudenosaunee Development Institute v. Metrolinx, 2023 ONCA 122,Hunter et al. v. Southam Inc., [1984] 2 S.C.R. 145,Sazant v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 2012 ONCA 727,Thomson Newspapers Ltd. v. Canada (Director of Investigation and Research, Restrictive Trade Practices Commission), [1990] 1 S.C.R. 425,Gore v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 2009 ONCA 546,College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia v. Bishop(1989), 56 D.L.R. (4th) 164 (S.C.),College of Physicians and Surgeons v. SJO, 2020 ONSC 1047,College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario v. Kayilasanathan, 2019 ONSC 4350 (Div. Ct.)

Gefen v. Gefen, 2023 ONCA 287

Keywords:Wills and Estates, Guardianship, Capacity, Civil Procedure, Litigation Guardians, Appeals, Stay Pending Appeal, Costs, Costs Against Solicitor, Removal of Counsel,Rules of Civil Procedure, r. 57.07,Iqbal v. Mansoor, 2022 ONCA 198,Salisbury v. Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, 2013 ONCA 182

Senthillmohan v. Senthillmohan, 2023 ONCA 280

Keywords:Family Law, Real Property, Joint Tenancies, Severance, Tenancies in Common, Contracts, Debtor-Creditor, Civil Procedure, Default Judgments, Enforcement, Writs of Seizure and Sale, Priority,Execution Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. E.24, s. 9(1) and s. 10(6),TheReal Property Act, C.C.S.M. c. R30, s. 136(3),Zeligs v. Janes, 2016 BCCA 280,Royal & SunAlliance Insurance Co. v. Muir, 2011 ONSC 2273,Arnold Bros. Transport Ltd. v. Murphy, 2013 MBQB 137,Power v. Grace, [1932] O.R. 357 (Ont. C.A.).,Rawluk v. Rawluk, [1990] 1 S.C.R. 70

Karatzoglou v. Commisso, 2023 ONCA 295

Keywords:Family Law, Civil Procedure, Appeals, Security for Costs,Rules of Civil Procedure, r. 61.06(1),Family Law Rules, O. Reg. 114/99, r. 38(26),Yaiguaje v. Chevron Corporation, 2017 ONCA 827,FoodInvest Limited v. Royal Bank of Canada, 2019 ONCA 728,Froehlich-Fivey v. Fivey, 2016 ONCA 833,Grimm v. Ontario (Children's Lawyer), 2023ONCA161,Groia & Company Professional Corporation v. Cardillo, 2019 ONCA 165,Housen v. Nikolaisen, 2002 SCC 33,Hickey v. Hickey, [1999] 2 S.C.R. 518,Morris v. Nicolaidis, 2021 ONSC 2957,Pickard v. London Police Services Board, 2010 ONCA 643,Schmidt v. Toronto-Dominion Bank(1995), 24 O.R. (3d) 1 (C.A.),McKee v. Di Battista, Gambin Developments Ltd.(1995), 22 O.R. (3d) 700 (C.A.)

Hrvoic v. Hrvoic, 2023 ONCA 288

Keywords:Civil Procedure, Appeals, Reviews, Orders, Partial Lifting of Stay Pending Appeal, Family Law, Property Division, Corporations,Rules of Civil Procedure,r. 63.01(1),Hillmount Capital Inc.v.Pizale, 2021 ONCA 364,Health Genetic Center Corp. (Health Genetic Center) v. New Scientist Magazine, 2019 ONCA 576,SFC Litigation Trust v. Chan,2018 ONCA 710,Digiammatteov.Leblanc(1989), 71 O.R. (2d) 130 (C.A.)

Entes Industrial Plants Construction & Erection Contracting Co.
Inc. v. Centerra Gold Inc.
, 2023 ONCA 294

Keywords:Corporations, Plans of Arrangement, Civil Procedure, Orders, Enforcement, Garnishment, ,Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C. 1985 c. C-44, r. 14.05(2), s. 192,Rules of Civil Procedure, r. 14.05(2), r. 60.08(1),Waxman v. Waxman(2006), 216 O.A.C. 379,Toronto Street Holdings Ltd. v. Coffee, Tea or Me Bakeries Inc.(2001), 53 O.R. (3d) 360,Canadian Pacific Railway Co. v. Vancouver (City), 2006 SCC 5,Annapolis Group Inc. v. Halifax Regional Municipality, 2022 SCC 36

Maxwell v. Altberg, 2023 ONCA 305

Keywords:Contracts, Real Property, Mortgages, Civil Procedure, Limitation Periods, Summary Judgment, No Genuine Issue Requiring Trial,Real Property Limitations Act, R.S.O.1990, c. L.15, s. 23(1),Rules of Civil Procedure, r.20.04(2.1),Hryniak v. Mauldin, 2014 SCC 7,Findlay v. Holmes, (1998), 111 O.A.C. 319 (C.A.),Noddle v. The Ontario Ministry of Health, 2019ONSC7337,Soper v. Southcott(1998), 39 O.R. (3d) 737 (C.A.)

Short Civil Decisions

Fockler v. Speigel, 2023 ONCA 284

Keywords:Appeals, Fresh Evidence, Costs

Shanghai Lianyin Investment Co. Ltd. v. Lu, 2023 ONCA 285

Keywords:Civil Procedure, Appeals, Jurisdiction, Final or Interlocutory,Paulpillai Estate v.Yousef, 2020 ONCA 655,Xela Enterprises Ltd. v. Castillo, 2014 ONCA 275

7120761 Canada Inc. v. AGA Global Investments Inc., 2023 ONCA 286

Keywords:Corporations, Corporate Veil, Personal Liability, Corporate Separateness Rule, Breach of Contract,Yaiguaje v. Chevron Corporation, 2018 ONCA 472

1758704 Ontario Inc. v. Priest, 2023 ONCA 283

Keywords:Breach of Contract, Damages, Mitigation, Costs

Avedian v. Enbridge Gas Distribution Inc., 2023 ONCA 289

Keywords:Civil Procedure, Amending Pleadings, Delay, Non-Compensable Prejudice,Rules of Civil Procedure, rr. 26.01, 48.04,1588444 Ontario Ltd. v. State Farm Fire and Casualty Co., 2017 ONCA 42, Marks v. Ottawa (City), 2011 ONCA 248,Tran v. Bloorston Farms Ltd., 2020 ONCA 440,Brookfield Financial Real Estate Group Ltd. v. Azorim Canada (Adelaide Street) Inc., 2012 ONSC 3818

McWhirter v. Lorza, 2023 ONCA 301

Keywords:Family Law, Custody and Access, Relocation, Child Abduction, Civil Procedure, Quashing Appeals, Frivolous, Vexatious, Abuse of Process,Children's Law Reform Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.12, s. 40,Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, Can. T.S. 1983 No. 35,Rules of Civil Procedure, r. 2.1.01(1),Ontario (Attorney General) v. Paul Magder Furs Ltd. (1992), 10 O.R. (3d) 46 (C.A.),Ontario (Attorney General) v. Paul Magder Furs Ltd. (1991), 6 O.R. (3d) 188 (C.A.)


U.S. Steel Canada Inc. (Re), 2023 ONCA 277

[van Rensburg, Huscroft and George JJ.A.]


G.R. Hall, J. D. Gage, and B. Kain, for the moving party Stelco Inc.

R.B. Swan, R. Sahni, and D. Afroz, for responding party Ernst & Young Inc.

R.B. Bell, E. Y. Fan, L. Sun, R. Jaipargas, and X. Yan, for the responding party DGAP Investments Ltd.

Keywords:Bankruptcy and Insolvency, Civil Procedure, Leave to Appeal,Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act, R.S.C. 1985, s. 11, c. C-36,Planning Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. P.13,Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.43, s. 6(1)(b),Nortel Networks Corporation (Re), 2016 ONCA 332,Urbancorp Toronto Management Inc. (Re), 2022 ONCA 181,Lucas v. 1858793 Ontario Inc. (Howard Park), 2021 ONCA 52


Stelco Inc. ('Stelco'), the moving party, sought leave to appeal from an order requiring it to complete the severance of a parcel of land (the 'Reconveyance Parcel') and to convey it to the nominee of Legacy Lands Limited Partnership ('LandCo'), in accordance with a 2018 reconveyance agreement between Stelco and LandCo. Ernst & Young Inc. ('E&Y'), one of the responding parties, opposed the motion in its capacity as court-appointed monitor of Stelco in a proceeding under theCompanies Creditors' Arrangement Act('CCAA') and in its...

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